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Showing posts from August, 2014

HIST & MYTH: Old Irish Manuscripts & Texts

Some information that might be of interest is the background into the early Irish texts and writings that I have become aware of since my investigation into Irish mythology and history. Old Irish literature is written in Irish, Latin, Ulster Scots and English languages. Ireland has made a huge contribution to world literature and the early Irish monks of the Christian period produced incredible manuscripts not only of spiritual writings but also of poetry and mythological tales in both Latin and Irish languages. The English language was introduced to Ireland in the 12th century, following the Norman Invasion with many of the earlier texts translated to English. English became the dominant Irish literary language during the 12th century, however many works were produced in Irish. These old texts tell the tales of the fascinating characters that span the great cycles of Irish mythological literature and of the historical events in Ireland. Some of the main texts that can be found …

HIST & MYTH: Ancient Festivals of Fire

In an ancient time fires lit up the darkened skies offering protection and cleansing in rituals to the gods and to the spirits of nature. So the fire festivals continue to this day with variations to the originals by people with different beliefs and cultures. These are the four ancient Gaelic Fire Festivals that make up the annual seasonal cycles with their origins linked to the Irish Gods
Imbolc(01st of February - Spring)Bealtaine(01st of May - Summer)Lughnasadh(01st August - Autumn)Samhain(31st of October - Winter)
In ancient times several equinoxes and solstices would have been honoured for agricultural and seasonal influences however the eight points (or 8th Fold Wheel) along the calendar year is a relatively new adoption by modern paganism that has been incorporated into Wicca, Druid & Bard practices today. In addition to the four major festivals there are many others that are celebrated at different times of the year, varying on beliefs, like Midwinter (or Yule), Ostara,…

HIST & MYTH: Tuatha Dé Danann - A Family Tree

Written by Ben Kesp  Following on from my post on theIrish deities and mythological races of Ireland, I am trying my hand at compiling the family tree of the Tuatha Dé Danann.Not an easy task I will add due to the contradictory nature of Irish Mythology.Goddess Danu is seen as the mother of the Danann and Dagda or the Great Dagda is seen as the father of the Gods.It is unclear if Dagda is the son or the husband of Danu as different sources position him in both places.
There are five brothers: (Dagda, Dian Cécht, Lir, Nuada and Ogma). 
vDagda (God of Earth) (Father of the Gods) (King of Ireland)(Or Eochaid Garb) oHusband to Danu with children:      §Bridgit (Goddess of Poetry, Arts & Crafts) (Arrival of Spring - Imbolc) ·Wife to Bres (God of Agriculture) with child:   oRúadan §Bodh Derg (King of Tuatha Dé Danann when they and moved to the Sídhe) §Néith (God of War) ·Husband to Badb? (Daughter of Goddess Ernmas) §Midir ·Husband to Fúmnach ·Husband to Étaín (The Wooing of Étaín) §Áine §Cermait…