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Showing posts from June, 2017

HIST & MYTH: Bres - Irish God of Agriculture

Post 224. Written by Ben Kesp. 

Some might say an unlikely candidate to be enthroned as the God of Agriculture but the Tuatha Dé Danann (Irish Gods), saw the worth in someone rather than their actions. Despite his oppressive rule against the Danann, following the Second Battle of Moytura (Mag Tuired) Bres was captured but his life was spared by Lugh (Sun God) if he shared his knowledge of when the Danann should plant the harvest. 
Bres, half Danann, son of the Goddess Eriu and half Fomorian, son of Elatha, is described as a beautiful and handsome man but lacked leadership and kingship qualities. When the Danann first arrived in Ireland and encountered the Firbolgs, which they successful beat at the First Battle of Moytura, a peace treaty was formed between the Danann and the Fomorians, where its stated were not a race of the land but had a settlement on Tory Island off the north coast of Ireland. Though the Danann had victory over the Firbolgs, they suffered huge losses and Nuada, …

HIST & MYTH: Temple of Debod - Ancient Egypt in Madrid

Post 223. Written by Ben Kesp. 

Sitting in the heart of Madrid sits a structure from ancient Egypt dating from the 2nd century BC. On a recent excursion to the capital of Spain, the Temple of Debod was one of my first stops which additionally has commanding views of the city. 
The work on the temple originally started under the instruction of the Meroe King Adijalamani, who dedicated the chapel to the God Amun and Goddess Isis in the 2nd century BC. The temple was added to by various pharaohs of the Ptolemaic Dynasty enlarging and highly decorating it with magnificent motifs and reliefs. 
The temple was abandoned during the 6th century AD following the conversion to Christianity and remained in Egypt until the 20th century when it was gifted by the Egyptian Government to the city of Madrid where it found a new resting place in the Cuartel de la Montana Park. The transport of the temple from Egypt happened during the construction of the Aswan Dam to protect it from flooding and possibl…

HIST & MYTH: Palace of Versailles - An Expression of the Ancien Régime

Post 222. Written by Ben Kesp. 

On visiting the Palace of Versailles, located a short distance from Paris City, and its wonderful landscaped gardens with numerous water fountains, one can only marvel at the creation. On a recent trip to the palace and grounds, I was delighted to explore the magnificent groves and fountains including Latona’s Fountain, Apollo’s Fountain, The Ballroom Grove, Neptune Grove and the beautiful Colonnade Grove consisting of 32 iconic columns, designed by Jules Hardouin-Mansart in 1684. 

Versailles represents the last era of the French Royal Family before the Empire years and at its height exuded unimaginable wealth, ceremony and pomp. It stands for the ways of the monarchy and Ancien Régime (Political & Social Regime of the Kingdom of France). King Louis XVI and his wife Queen Marie Antoinette were the final royal couple, representing the French monarchy to occupy the palace before their demise during the French Revolution. The royal couple were placed un…

HIST & MYTH: Strongbow & Aoife – Ireland’s Power Couple of the 12th Century

Post 221. Written by Ben Kesp.

The union of marriage between Aoife, Lady of Leinster, Ireland and Richard de Clare, nicknamed Strongbow, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, Wales would change Ireland like never before and its ruling class along with it. 

Aoife, born April 26th, 1143, was the daughter of King Dermot MacMurrough (Diarmait Mac Murchada) of the Kingdom of Leinster and his wife Mor O’Toole, Queen Consort of Leinster. Aoife who later became more known as Eva of Leinster and on her marriage became the Countess of Pembroke, agreed to the marriage as she did have the right to refuse under Brehon Law (Early Irish Law). On the 29th of October 1170, Aoife and Strongbow were married at Christchurch Cathedral in Waterford City
Following the death of King Dermot in 1171, under Anglo-Norman law, Strongbow had succession rights to the Kingdom of Leinster, whereas Aoife had a life interest under Brehon law. Strongbow claimed the right to the Kingdom in his wife’s name ensuring his position as Lord o…

HIST & MYTH: Ireland - An Overview from 400 A.D to 1922 A.D

Post 220. Written by Ben Kesp.
A Brief Overview 

400 A.D to 800 A.D Early Christian Period to the Viking Age Establishment of the Irish Church and recording of Irish mythology.Irish monasteries grew as a centre of learning within Europe and helped to preserve European Culture.Creation of insular Celtic Artwork and illuminated gospels. Examples: Book of Durrow; Book of Kells; Ardagh Chalice; Tara Brooch. Ireland is divided into five main kingdoms, each ruled by an Irish dynastic family: Leinster, Munster, Connaught, Meath and Ulster.
800 A.D to 1169 A.D Viking Age to the Norman Invasion Establishment of the Viking city ports at Dublin, Wexford, Waterford, Cork and Limerick.Ongoing feuds among the Irish Royal Families to gain political control over Ireland. Brian Ború becomes the first High King of Ireland, to govern a unitary state, aligned with the church for a short moment in history.Native Irish Kings and Norse (Viking) settlements co-exist. 
1169 A.D to 1536 A.D Norman Invasion to the reign…